You can supplement your diet with extra nutrients to make up for those you don’t get from entire meals. You can take them for a variety of reasons, such as to ensure that you get enough overall nutrition or to help you attain a fitness or health goal.
You can also take them to deal with food allergies. Products that add protein, vitamins, minerals, or calories to your diet are examples of food supplements, and each one has benefits and drawbacks.
1. Protein Supplements: When you don’t eat enough whole foods, protein supplements, which come in the form of powders, shakes, or bars, can help you get enough protein in your diet. They may also offer particular advantages that advance fitness. For instance, branched-chain amino acids, which are abundant in whey-based supplements, might hasten muscle repair after a strenuous workout.
On the other hand, if you may receive all the protein you need from complete meals, protein supplements may be an unneeded addition to your budget. Additionally, even while eating more protein than your body needs is not hazardous if you are in good health, if it adds extra calories to your diet, you can end up gaining weight.
2. Vitamin and Mineral Supplements: If your dietary intake is minimal, whether because you are on a calorie-restricted diet or because you dislike eating certain foods that contain a certain nutrient, supplements might help you maintain optimal health. But ingesting too much of particular vitamins or minerals can have a negative impact on your health.
If you regularly consume more fat-soluble vitamins than you require, they can build up in your fat tissue. For example, too much vitamin A over time might result in abnormalities in the liver and birth problems. Mineral toxicity can also result from excessive mineral ingestion. Too much calcium may predispose you to kidney stone formation, too much iron, magnesium, selenium, or zinc may cause digestive issues, and high manganese intake may result in neurotoxicity.
3. Calorie Supplements: Supplements with a lot of calories can be helpful for some medical conditions. For instance, nutritional deficits brought on by cancer may occur from changes in the way your body metabolises food and possible appetite loss. Body wasting can also be caused by AIDS and anorexia. The addition of nutrients and calories from supplements that have a balance of protein, carbs, and healthy fats can help prevent weight loss while recovering. Extreme athletes, children who are growing quickly, and picky eaters may also gain advantages from calorie-dense supplements. However, if none of these conditions exist, using this kind of food supplement may do nothing more than add extra calories to your diet, which will inevitably lead to an increase in body fat.
Conclusion: Whole foods are the healthiest option for obtaining your daily nutrients unless there are exceptional conditions. Even the best food supplements may fall short of the fibre, phytochemicals, and other health-protective nutrients that are present in a varied, well-balanced whole-food diet. Occasional food supplements are unlikely to be harmful.